Ирина (fontyler) wrote,
Ирина
fontyler

BELITTLE (глагол) - WORD OF THE DAY

to belittle - умалять,
принижать
, преуменьшать



Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Today’s word is belittle.
It was first used by Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.

images.jpeg
Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809),
and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776).

Many years ago, a French naturalist, the Count (граф) de Buffon, wrote some books about natural history.

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The books were a great success even though some critics did not like them. Some critics said, “Count Buffon is more of a poet than a scientist.”
Thomas Jefferson did not like what the Count had said about the natural wonders of the New World.
wonder - чудо;
нечто удивительное


It seemed to Jefferson that the Count had gone out of his way
ð из шкуры лез вон
to speak of natural wonders in America as if they were unimportant.
This troubled Thomas Jefferson. He too was a naturalist, as well as
naturalist - естествоиспытатель
a farmer, inventor, historian, writer and politician.
inventor - изобретатель
He had seen the natural wonders of Europe. To him, they were no more important than those of the New World.
In 1788, Thomas Jefferson wrote about his home state, Virginia.


286px-Map_of_USA_VA2.svg.png
Virginia


While writing, he thought of its natural beauty and then of the words of Count de Buffon. At that moment, Jefferson created a new word belittle.  He said, “The Count de Buffon believes that nature belittles her productions on this side of the Atlantic.”

Noah Webster, the American word expert, liked this word.


220px-Portrait_of_Noah_Webster.jpg

He put it in his English language dictionary in 1806. ‘Belittle – to make small, unimportant.’
Americans had already accepted Jefferson’s word and started to use it
to accept [ək'sept]
принимать; признавать;
ком. акцептовать (вексель)

In 1797, the Independent Chronicle newspaper used the word to describe a politician the paper supported.

363px-1798_IndependentChronicle_Boston_Nov8.png
“He is an honorable man,” the paper wrote, “so let the opposition try to belittle him as much as they please.”

In 1844, the Republican Sentinel of Virginia
sentinel ['sentɪnl]
часовой; страж

wrote this about the opposition party:  “The Whigs may attempt to belittle our candidates … that is a favorite game of theirs.”

In 1872, a famous American word expert decided that the time had come to kill this word.  He said, “Belittle has no chance of becoming English. And as more critical writers of America, like those of Britain, feel no need of it, the sooner it is forgotten, the better.”
This expert failed to kill the word.  => did not kill it

Today, belittle is used, not only in the United States and England, but in other countries where the English language is spoken.  It seems that efforts to belittle the word did not stop people from using it.

♫♪♫
You have been listening to the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.  I’m Warren Scheer.



Tags: stage two, АУДИРОВАНИЕ, ИЗУЧАЮЩИМ АНГЛИЙСКИЙ, ИСТОРИЯ, СЛОВАРНЫЙ ЗАПАС, США
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