The Hollywood film, “The Martian,” opens to U.S.audiences on October 2. Actor Matt Damon stars as an astronautleft alone on Mars. His crew returned to Earth thinking he had died in a windstorm.
crew [kruː] - экипаж
Damon’s character, Mark Watney, must survive with few supplies and somehow get a message to Earth that he is alive.
to survive [səˈvaɪv] = to remain alive
supplies [səˈplaɪz] - припасы
The plan to release the movie this week was some lucky timing. On Monday, the U.S. space agency NASA announced it had found strong evidence of liquid water on Mars. That again raised the possibility that, withliquid water, there could be life.
NASA also took a part in the development of “The Martian.” Director RidleyScott and Matt Damon reached out to agency officials for help to make the story as scientific as possible.
In August, Damon compared space exploration with the movie. He told Reuters News Agency, “with the right funding and the right attention, these are the kinds of things that we will be exploring in the very near future and this is going to be a part of our kids’ lives.”
So how scientifically accurate is “The Martian?” Jeffrey Luger of Time magazine tried to answer that question. He pointed out two of the biggest falsehoods of the film. The first, Mr. Luger writes, is central to the story: a powerful, dangerous windstorm that forces the space crew to leave the planet. The very low density atmosphere of Mars, Mr. Luger argues, could not create a storm like that.
falsehood [ˈfɔːlshud] - неправдоподобие, ложь
density [ˈdensɪtɪ] - плотность
Mr. Luger also has trouble with the lack of danger from radiation on Mars. He notes that the six-month trip to Mars alone would expose the astronaut to 15 times more radiation than is permitted for nuclear energy workers in a year.
The magazine Popular Science also explored the movie’s divide between science and science fiction. It noted the same windstorm and radiation problems as Time magazine.
But Popular Science also reported much realism in the details. Science writer Sarah Fecht points to Astronaut Watney’s struggle to work in astronaut clothing, especially the gloves. And, an expert she spoke with said the stiff gloves are a real problem. They are very difficult to bend.
stiff [stɪf] - негнущийся
Popular Science also interviewed former astronaut Mike Massimino who said he found the acting realistic. He said astronauts grow very close through flight training and survival school. He said the movie shows the close relationships that are formed. “We take care of each other as best we can,” he told the magazine. “When someone needs someone, there's nothing we wouldn't do.”